Different types of Aphasia


Anomic - Nominal Aphasia
Partial or total loss of the ability to recall the names of persons or things.

Broca's Aphasia. - Expressive
Partial or total loss of the ability to express oneself, either through speech or writing. Hearing comprehension is not affected

Conduction Aphasia
The inability to repeat words, sentences, or phrases.

Global Aphasia
Partial or total loss of the ability to communicate verbally or using written words as a result of widespread injury to the language areas of the brain.

Subcortical motor Aphasia
Less common type
Partial or total loss of the ability to communicate verbally or using written words, through damage to non language-dominated areas of the brain

Transcortical sensory Aphasia
Less common type
Partial or total loss of the ability to communicate verbally or using written words that does not affect an individual's ability to repeat words, phrases, and sentences.

Wernicke's Aphasia - Receptive
Partial or total loss of the ability to understand what is being said or read. The individual maintains the ability to speak, but speech may contain unnecessary or made-up words.

How the brain works

Slide show

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Your brain contains billions of nerve cells arranged in patterns that coordinate thought, emotion, behavior, movement and sensation.

Aphasia vs Apraxia

The difference

Scan

CT or MRI ?


Scans are not X-rays.

CT - Computer Tomography
A technique using cross-sectional x rays of the body to create a three-dimensional image of the body's internal structures.

MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging
It is the most recently developed technique for diagnostic imaging, using a powerful magnet and radio waves to generate signals from atoms in the body.

These signals are used to construct images of internal structures.

Frontal & Temporal Lobe, Hemisphere


Frontal
The largest, most forward-facing part of each side or hemisphere of the brain.

Temporal
The part of each side or hemisphere of the brain that is on the side of the head, nearest the ears.

Hemisphere
One of the two halves or sides: the left and the right-of the brain.

Dysarthria, Dyspraxia & Dysphagia


Dysarthria
A motor speech disorder. Difficulty in co-ordinating the muscles of articulation so that speech is distorted, weak, slurred, laboured or explosive.

Dyspraxia
Difficulty with oral movements on command or imitation.

Dysphagia
Difficulty in swalloing.

Hemianopia


Blindness in one vertical half of the visual field in one or both eyes.

Homonymous Hemianopia
Blindness of the right or left sided fields of both eyes.

Cognition & Perception


Cognition
Process of knowing, understanding, awareness, judgement and decision-making.

Perception
Ability to interpret sensory messages from "inside" so that sensation has meaning.

Hemiparesis & Hemiplegia


Hemiparesis
Slight paralysis or weakness in one half of the face or body.

Hemiplegia
Paralysis of one side of the body.

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